Introduction to the Third Edition

Broadcast stations have several digital television broadcast options, including multicasting several channels of programming at once, upconverting standard definition images, or providing high-speed data services. When many people think of digital television, though, they think high definition television, and some industry experts predict HDTV sports coverage will really help sell the idea of DTV to the public. For the 1999-2000 season, ABC broadcast its entire season of Monday Night Football and the Super Bowl in HDTV for the first time. Norm Samet served as director for the broadcasts and reflected on a successful season of HDTV...


By Norm Samet

What looked great in NTSC before I began directing the ABC Monday Night Football HDTV feed in August 1999 pales in comparison to the pictures I get from HDTV cameras today. After 17 Monday Night games, one playoff game, and Super Bowl XXXIV, I still feel like a kid with a new toy--a very expensive new toy.

You almost get into a trance looking at HDTV pictures because you really see more. The wider 16:9 aspect ratio makes a big difference in covering football. With the old 4:3 aspect ratio screens it was often tricky to cover the defense. In HDTV they are already in your picture, so you can see more of the play develop.

The HDTV picture is so superior with brilliant colors and so sharp you can pick out numbers on players easily. I remember having a wide shot all the way down the field and there was a lady in a Jets t-shirt--and I could read the number on her shirt! I would have needed to walk all the way down to the other end of the field to see that detail in person.

And then there were the black spots all over the field in Dallas. "What's that!" I yelled, thinking something had gone wrong with a camera. A Dallas native calmly turned to me and said, "Those are crickets." My jaw dropped. The 525-line analog pictures have never picked out the kind of detail that the 720 progressive cameras capture. The point is, the amount of detail and clarity in HDTV pictures is unsurpassed by anything we have seen until now.

HDTV brings more than just better pictures. There are 5.1 channels of audio versus two in an analog feed. I now hear the referee's microphone on one channel, the announcer's on another, the crowd in another, and the sideline reporters have their own. As if I can't keep all of that straight, one channel plays music. With two channels of audio, the crowd, the referees and the announcers share the same channel and a lot of audio information is muffled. There are a few negatives in covering NFL football with HDTV cameras. The first thing our crew had to overcome was working with fewer cameras. The standard Monday Night Football production had 24 cameras, but the HDTV production only had seven. This meant our camera crews had to work harder and cover more of the field that they would with the old cameras. In some stadiums, the analog and HDTV cameras can't be placed side by side because there is no room. Our HDTV cameras had to go higher and at a steeper angle.

Since we didn't have our own announcers, we had to follow the plays Al Michaels and Boomer Esiason called, even though we didn't always know what to anticipate. We always had the option to go to the standard feed, but that was rarely necessary. It was the extraordinary situation that sent us to the standard feed.

People will be blown away when they see and hear HDTV. The game really comes alive. You gotta see it to believe it.

Norm Samet started in the mail room at ABC, then moved to ABC News as a copy boy. He moved up the ranks to associate director at ABC News, covering special events, elections, conventions, and NASA, among other assignments. Later, he became an associate director and a director for ABC Sports, covering almost every type of athletic event, including football, basketball, boxing, figure skating, auto racing, bowling, triathlons, the Tour de France, and the Olympics.

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